The Clan History
The Gordons are an ancient and distinguished family, originally from Normandy, where their ancestors are said to have had large possessions. From the great antiquity of the race, many fabulous accounts have been given of the descent of the Gordons. Some derive them from a city of Macedonia, called Gordonia, whence they went to Gaul; others find their origin in Spain, Flanders, &C. Some writers suppose Bertrand de Gourden who, in 1199, wounded Richard the Lion-heart mortally with an arrow before the castle of Chalus in the Limoges, to have been the great ancestor of the Gordons, but there does not seem to be any other foundation for such a conjecture than that there was a manor in Normandy called Gourden. It is probable that the first persons of the name in this island came over with William the Conqueror in 1066. According to Chalmers, the founder of this great family came from England in the reign of David the First (1124-53), and obtained from that prince the lands of Gordon (anciently Gordun, or Gordyn, from, as Chalmers supposes, the Gaelic Gordin, "on the hill"). He left two sons, Richard, and Adam, who, though the younger son, had a portion of the territory of Gordon, with the lands of Fanys on the southern side of it.
The elder son, Richard de Gordon, granted, between 1150 and 1160, certain lands to the monks of Kelso, and died in 1200. His son, Sir Thomas de Gordon. confirmed by charter these donations, and his son and successor, also named Thomas, made additional grants to the same monks, as well as to the religious of Coldstream. He died in 1285, without male issue, and his only daughter, Alicia, marrying her cousin Adam de Gordon, the son of Adam, younger brother of Richard above mentioned, the two branches of the family this became united.
His grandson, Sir Adam de Gordon, Lord of Gordon, one of the most eminent men of his time, was the progenitor of most of the great families of the name in Scotland. In reward for his faithful services, Bruce granted to him and his heirs the noble lordship of Strathbolgie (now Strathbogie), in Aberdeenshire, then in the Crown, by the forfeiture of David de Strathbogie, Earl of Athole, which grant was afterwards confirmed to his family by several charters under the great seal. Sir Adam fixed his residence there, and gave these lands and lordship the name of Huntly, from a village of that name in the western extremity of Gordon parish, in the Merse, the site of which is now said to be marked only by a solitary tree. From their northern domain, the family afterwards acquire the titles of Lord, Earl, and Marquis of Huntly, and the latter is now their chief title. Sir Adam was slain, fighting bravely in the vanguard of the Scotch army at the battle of Halidonhill, July 12, 1333. By Annabella, his wife, supposed to have been a daughter of David de Strathbolgie above mentioned, he had four sons and a daughter. The eldest son, Sir Alexander, succeeded him. The second son, William, was ancestor of the Viscounts of Kenmure.
Sir John Gordon, his great-grandson, got a new charter from King Robert the Second of the lands of Strathbogie, dated 13th June 1376. He was slain at the battle of Otterbourne in 1388. His son, Sir Adam, lord of Gordon, fell at the battle of Homildon, 14th September 1402. By his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Keith, great mareschal of Scotland, he had an only child, Elizabeth Gordon, who succeeded to the whole family estates, and having married Alexander Seton, second son of Sir William Seton of Seton, ancestor of the Earls of Winton, that gentleman was styled lord of Gordon and Huntly. He left two sons, the younger of whom became ancestor of the Setons of Meldrum.
Alexander, the elder, was, in 1449, created Earl of Huntly, with limitation to his heirs male, by Elizabeth Crichton, his third wife, they being obliged to bear the name and arms of Gordon. George, the sixth earl, was created Marquis of Huntly, by King James, in 1599. George, the fourth marquis, was made Duke of Gordon in 1684. George, fifth duke, died without issue on 28th Mary 1836. At his death the title of Duke of Gordon became extinct, as well as tha of Earl of Norwich in th British peerage, and the Marquisate of Huntly devolved on George Earl of Aboyne, descended from Charles, fourth son of George, second Marquis of Huntly, while the Duke of Richmond and Lennox, son of his eldest sister, succeeded to Gordon castle, Banffshire, and other estates in Aberdeenshire and Inverness-shire.
The clan Gordon was at one period of the most powerful and numerous in the north. Although the chiefs were not originally of Celtic origin, as already shown, they yet gave their name to the clan, the distinctive badge of which was the rock ivy. The clan feuds and battles were frequent, especially with the Mackintoshes, the Camerons, the Murrays and the Forbes.
The Duke of Gordon, who was the chief of the clan, was usually styled "The Cock of the North". His most ancient title was the "Gudeman of the Bog", from the Bog-of-Gight, a morass in the parish of Bellie, Banffshire, in the centre of which the former stronghold of this family was placed, and which forms the site of Gordon castle, considered the most magnificent edifice in the north of Scotland. The Marquis of Huntly is now the chief of the clan Gordon. Of the name Gordon, there are many ancient families belonging to Aberdeenshire, Banffshire and the north of Scotland.
Motto: Bydand - "Remaining".
Badge: A buck's head above a coronet.
Septs of the Clan: Adam, Adamson, Addie, Adie, Addison, Aiken, Aitchison, Atkin, Atkins, Atkinson, Badenoch, Barrie, Connor, Connon, Craig, Cromb, Crombie, Cullen, Culane, Darg, Darge, Dorward, Duff, Durward, Eadie, Eddie, Edie, Edison, Esslemont, Garden, Gardiner, Gardner, Garioch, Garrick, Garroick, Geddes, Gerrie, Harrison, Huntley, Huntly, Jessiman, Jopp, Jupp, Laing, Lang, Laurie, Lawrie, Leng, Ling, MacAdam, Mallett, Manteach, Marr, Maver, Meldrum, Mill, Mills, Milles, Miln, Milne, Milner, More, Morrice, Muir, Mylne, Steel, Teal, Tod, Todd, Troup.
Names associated with the clan: GEDDEIS GEDDAS GEDDES GEDDESS GEDES GEDDIS GIDDES ADIESON ADIES ADIESONE ADESOUN ADIESOUN ADISON ADIE ADESONE ADISOUN ADESON ADYE ADYSON ADY AEDIESON AEDIE ADDY ADDISON ADE AIDYE AIDDIE AIDY ADDIE ADDESOUN AIDIE AYDESON COLEN COLEYN CONNOR DARGIE CULANE CULLEN CULLANE DARGE DARG EADIE EDDIE EDIE EDISON EDISONE EDISOUN ESSLEMONT ESSILMOUNTHE ESSELMONT GESMOND GORDUN HUNTLIE HUNTLY HUNTLEY JUPE JAPPY JOIP JAIP JAP JUPPIE JUPPE JAPE JUPP JOPP JAPP JAAP JOP JAPPIE TODE TODD TOD TODDE TOOD YEAP YEP YAPE ACHISOUNE ACKIN ACHISONE ACHESOUN ACKYN ACHINSOUN ACKYNE ACHESUNE ACHENSON ACHESON ADAM ACHIESOUN ACHESOUNE ACHIESON ACHESONE AITKENE AIKEYNE AITCHESON AIKINE AICHESONE AITCHESOUN AIKIN AITKYN AKENE AICKEN AITKEN AITCHISON AITCHESOUNE AICKIN AITKANE AITKINE AITHCHINSON AKIN AICKINE AITCKEN AITKYNE AIKING AITCHYSOUNE AKINE AICKING AKEN AIKEN AIKNE AIKEIN AIKYNE AICHENSOUN AICHESON AIKUN AITKIN AKYNE ATZENSONE ATZESON ATYESOUN ATCHESONE ATCHISONE AUKIN ATKIN ATKINE ATKEN ATCHISON ATICIONE AYTKYNE ATKYN AYTKYN ASCHESONE AYTKINE AYKKYNE CONNEN CONNON CONNAN EAKIN ECKIN EAKINS ECHESONE ETZESONE GAIRDNER ETICIONE GARDYNNYR GORDON GARDYNAR GARDNARD GARDINARE GARDINAR GARDENAR GARDENARE GARDNARE GARDENER GARDENNAR GARDNAR GARDINER MACADAM LARRIE LAWRY MACADAIM LAWRIE MACADDAME LOWREY MACADAME MACADDAM MACCADAME MACCADDAME MACCADDIM MACCADDAM MACCADAM MACKADEM MACKADAM MAKADEM MAKCADDAM MAKADAME MAKADAM MILNE MKKADAM MORRICE MORRIS MORICE MYLL MYLNAR LOWRIE JESSIMEN JASEMOND JASSIMINE JESSIMAN JESSYMAN JESSAMINE JESSEMAN JESSEMOND JESSIEMAN LAURIE LAURRI LAURY MILLN MILLS MILN MILNES MILNER MILLIN MILLEN MILL MYLN MYLEN MILLAN MYLNE CRUM CROMB CROMBIE CROMY CROMMIE CROUME CRUMBIE CROM CRUMMY LAURENCE LAWRENCE BARRIE BARRY ADAMSONE ADEMSOUNE ADAMSON ADEMSON ADEMSOUN AITKINS ATKYNSON ATKYNSOUN ATKINS ATZINSON ATTKINSONE ATKNSON ATKINSON Abergeldie GARDNER
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